Vocabulary

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Usable Terms & Definitions

Bagasse:
Basically defined as processed sugarcane pulp. The pulp is a by-product of the sugar industry and is used as a common feedstock for paper and paperboard products. Most bagasse is processed using standard pulp extraction techniques common to the paper industry. Raw bagasse pulp is a medium to dark brown in color and is bleached prior to conversion to paperboard. The sustainability of this feedstock is varied dependent on farming location but is generally considered very sustainable due to it’s 1 year harvest cycle, it’s ability to be rainwater irrigated, low pesticide requirements and low fertilizer requirements. In most regions of large production (China) pesticides and fertilizers are rarely used. Fibers can be re-cycled into the paper stream. Compost-able in commercial as well as “backyard” composting systems.

Bamboo:
Generally used as a feedstock for the paperboard industry but is not a by-product of other industries. Most bamboo is processed using standard pulp extraction techniques common to the paper industry. Raw bamboo pulp is a medium dark to dark brown in color and is bleached prior to conversion to paperboard. The sustainability of this product is considered good but less than that of bagasse. The proper, sustainable harvesting of bamboo is in 3-5 year cycles. Bamboo is generally rainwater irrigated, requires no pesticides and little to no fertilizer. Fibers can be re-cycled into the paper stream. Compostable in commercial as well as “backyard” composting systems.

Cognitive Ergonomics:
Studying the impact of how an operation sends out information and how staff members process this information (e.g., ticket ordering and finding dishes on a line).

Compostability:
The term composting is loosly defined as a process of decomposing plant and or otherorganic materials largely through bacterial aerobic decomposition into rich dark soil. For a product to be commercially labeled as compostable, it must be tested to astm standards.  The term compostable, as used in advertising or marketing, is strictly regulated in the u.s. by the ftc many state laws regulate the use of the term "compostable" or regulate how the term maybe used in marketing and advertising.

Crew-Centric:
The act of focusing on each staff's movements, tasks and responsibilities to create efficiencies at integrated workstations.

Cultural Diversity:
The variety of human societies or cultures or in a specific region, or in the world as a whole. (The term is also sometimes used to refer to multiculturalism within an organization).

Ecological Thinking:
Ecological thinking means looking at things in their whole context, while seeking to also understand the interconnections between parts. It recognizes that nothing exists in isolation; everything is part of a larger system. This approach is important for health care food decision making, because the production and distribution of food has a multitude of health related impacts often removed from the immediate hospital environment.

Just-in-Time:
A business strategy designed to improve return on investment by reducing inventory and using a production system in which one production workstation tells another one when to begin (e.g., cooking to order).

Process Mapping:
A workflow diagram outlining parallel processes of an operation (e.g., flow chart showing activity at kitchen workstations).

Production Bottleneck:
An area in a production system or assembly line where poor design has led to physical buildup of staff that slows down production output (e.g., putting the dishroom too close to the food pick-up line).

Maximizing Output:
Prioritizing customer service and product quality while maintaining good sales and profits.

Renewability:
The philosophy is to find raw material sources that renew as close to annually as possible. Using raw materials, such as oil and natural gas as feedstock, are a waste of resources when there are other sustainable, renewable raw materials available. Oil takes millions of years to create but a plastic or foam plate has a usable life of only about 20 minutes. Bagasse takes approximately 1 year to grow for the same useable life of a plate.

 Right-Sizing:
Keeping the investment as low as possible while maximizing output(e.g., multi-use equipment in smaller-footprint operations).

Sustainability:
The capacity to endure. In ecology the word describes how biological systems remain diverse and productive over time. For humans it is the potential for long-term maintenance of wellbeing, which in turn depends on the wellbeing of the natural world and the responsible use of natural resources.